Vocabulary for skating on natural ice
Ice forms

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sea-ice
Ice on salt water (on the sea).
saltis, havsis suolaveden jää, merijää zee-ijs
fresh-water ice
Ice on inland water (no salt contained).
sötis makeanveden jää "ijs"
??
Clear, smooth ice without any dents. Perfect surface for skating.
glanskis short version: peilijää
long version: peilikirkas jää
glad ijs, spiegel-ijs
black ice
Proper ice with no snow mixture, and which has not degenerated.
kärnis teräsjää zwart ijs
spring ice
Ice degenerated due to sun beams broken into the ice.
våris kevätjää oud ijs
gray ice
Ice formed from wet snow, usually gray in color. Requires a layer of proper ice below. Surface becomes soft in warm weather.
stöpis kohvajää ijzel
snow ice
Ice formed from water containing snow. Often a mixture of black ice and snowice in beautiful patterns.
snöis lumijää sneeuwijs
overflow ice, sandwich ice
Thin layer of ice on top of the proper ice with water inbetween. Dangerous since it can give an sudden stop. If you fall in to it the thin top layer can give cut wounds in the face.
överis yläjää dubbelijs
ice with air pockets
Thin layer of ice on top of the proper ice with an airspace inbetween.
glasis lasijää ijs met lucht ertussen
??
Ice covered with water coming from waves from open water and which has frosen.
svallis paannejää bevroren golven
black ice
Frozen water on streets.
isgata iljanne ijzel
ice-slush
Water containing a lot of ice pieces, e.g. after a boat which has broken a channel in the ice.
issörja jääsohjo fondant-ijs
??
Ice consisting of pices with the shape of (eating) plates. Formed in sea from frozen ice-slush.
tallriksis lautasjää schotsen
??
Uneven ice, shaking your legs when you skate over it.
skravelis ropelojää ribbel-ijs
pack-ice
Broken ice which has been forced together and frozen.
Moderately: vrakis
Severly: packis
Moderately: ajojää
Severly: ahtojää
Moderately: schots-ijs
Severly: pakijs