Vocabulary for skating on natural ice
Water, snow and ice

English

Swedish

Finnish

Dutch

ice is jää ijs
snow snö lumi sneeuw
frost, rime
White frost which forms on top of the ice when it is cold
rimfrost (on window)
rimfrost in (nature)
huurre
kuura
rijp, rijm
frost flowers
Frost in large flowerlike forms
isrosor kuurankukka ijsbloemen
slush
Watercontained snow
stöp quite wet: sohjo
extremely wet: loska
natte sneeuw
water vatten vesi water
lake sjö järvi meer
dam, embankment
Artificial lake, digged or banked up
damm patoallas Digged: plas
ditch
First collecting water for polderland, grazing land border [The Netherlands]
urvattningsdike kuivatusoja wetering, sloot
canal
Digged water used as shipping connection
kanal kanava Big: kanaal
In town: gracht
Small: vaart, vliet
From polders: boezem
current ström virta ??
steam strömma virtaa ??
archipelago skärgård saaristo archipel, scherenkust
sea hav meri zee
shoal grund matalikko, karikko ondiep
sound sund salmi zeearm
inlet vik lahti inham
bay bukt poukama baai
point udde niemi smalle landtong
shore strand ranta kust
land land maa land
polder
Land created by pumping out water
polder vesijättö, vesijättömaa polder
??
Land that is covered by water because it is below river-level. Early waters to freeze in Holland [The Netherlands].
?? alamaa ondergelopen weiland